National Development Goals: Key Issues in the First Year of Work
The implementation of national projects has transitioned to practice
This year, we laid the groundwork. There are more than us locating the colossal sum with the government. We created a mechanism that is going into action today — Andrey Makarov, Chairman of the Committee on Budget and Taxes, The State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
Due to various demographic challenges, the birth rate goes down. So far, adequate reduction of mortality does not overlap the birth rate decline to ensure natural population growth. Nevertheless, our citizens receive national project payments. The number of people receiving payments for the first, second and subsequent children is growing — Tatyana Golikova, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
Achieving national development goals requires the involvement of all institutions
We need to ensure the involvement of all stakeholders in the process: the federal government, regional and municipal authorities, and entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs facilitate investment growth, new jobs. Our main task is to accelerate this system involving all institutions, all participants — Anton Siluanov, First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation - Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation.
Regions are lacking resources to co-finance national projects
Sometimes, the performance leads to a completely different result from what was envisioned or expected. The agreement is signed; however, the region is to spend money following the federation’s instructions to build a posh school for a penny. Regions are to have a material incentive. We have been very vocal about regional incomes, not subsidies — Evgeny Bushmin, Deputy Chairperson, Council of the Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
The goals are very clearly marked; national projects hold funds for them. We are far from certain whether this money is sufficient to achieve the goals even in a co-financing situation. <...> Our region is to provide a 3% [co-financing, – Ed.], but actually, it is much more than that. We do not have such resources. It is for preschool education and education in general, and the roads. <...> We are to co-finance 40% of roads [to achieve the set goals, – Ed.] — Nikolay Lubimov, Governor of Ryazan Region.
Ill-conceived indicators of national projects
There are too many process indicators [in national projects, – Ed.], not the target ones. According to our data, about a quarter of indicators is on the number of engaged enterprises, people registered. I believe some of the issues would be resolved if we focused on the [ultimate] outcome — Vladimir Mau, Rector, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA).
There are very complex projects, such as birth rate. When we discussed the reasons why people are reluctant to have children – they are uncertain about their future, about reaching a certain income standard — Igor Artamonov, Acting Governor of Lipetsk Region.
Diligently shift into gear
I believe that from the economic point of view, the specified projects are sound, valid. They are not enough to achieve national goals. We need some other mechanisms. On the one hand, there is always something to improve. However, today’s mechanism is not perfect but very efficient. It seems that we need to set further improvement questions aside and start implementing what we have already come up with — Maksim Reshetnikov, Acting Governor of Perm Territory.
We already have mechanisms to implement. If we continue talking about what else is there to improve, we will wait endlessly for the next thing to come and use it as an excuse to postpone action. We must proceed to action now — Alexey Tsedenov, Head of the Republic of Buryatia.
Improving public awareness about the progress of national projects
We must reach out to the people. Governors, city mayors are to take on this role as it is vitally important to convey this information properly. Sometimes it could be simply listening; possibly even refining the strategy so that it is worthwhile for the good of a person and has a relevant outcome — Tatyana Golikova, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
Maybe we should switch the information gears? A lot is being done, but people have no idea about it. What they get is that once again something to be taken away, social payments to be cut — Andrey Makarov, Chairman of the Committee on Budget and Taxes, The State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
Laying the groundwork for business participation in achieving national goals
Regions have a greater potential to create a favourable investment climate for business — Anton Siluanov, First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation - Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation.
The task is to incentivise business participation in national projects. The business does not ask for special benefits. The initial business request is for the stability and predictability of fiscal, tax, administrative and other burdens — Alexander Shokhin, President, Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (RSPP).
The material was prepared by the Russian news agency TASS